Fahr’s Disease or Fahr’s Syndrome?

| August 1, 2016 | 0 Comments

Lippmann_Jan-Feb_2014_Artby Malathi Latha Perugula, MD, and Steven Lippmann, MD
The authors are from the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, Kentucky.

Innov Clin Neurosci. 2016;13(7–8):45–46.


This column series compares neurological conditions that pose differential challenges in diagnoses.


Funding: No funding was provided for the preparation of this article.

Financial Disclosures:
The authors have no conflicts of interest relevant to the content of this article.

What’s Your Diagnosis?

Fahr’s disease and Fahr’s syndrome are two conditions characterized by calcification in certain areas of the brain that results in neurological and/or psychiatric sequelae in patients. While the symptoms and signs of both conditions may resemble one another, there are distinct, critical differences that exist regarding the etiology, location of lesions, prognosis, and treatment. Thus, it is important for clinicians to be familiar with the similarities and differences between Fahr’s disease and Fahr’s syndrome, so that an accurate diagnosis can be made and appropriate therapy initiated.

Lippmann_J_A_2016_DD_Fahrs_Checklist

Lippmann_J_A_2016_DD_Fahrs_Figs1_2

References

1. Asokan AG, D’souza S, Jeganathan J, Pai S. Fahr’s syndrome: an interesting case presentation. J Clin Diagn Res. 2013;7(3):5302–5303.
2. Saleem S, Aslam HM, Anwar M, et al. Fahr’s syndrome: literature review of current evidence. Orphanet J Rare Dis. 2013;8:156.
3. Goyal D, Mashal Khan M, Quereshi B, et al. Would you recognize Fahr’s disease if you saw it? Innov Clin Neurosci. 2014;11(1–2):26–28.
4. Faye AD, Gawande S, Tadke R, et al. A case of psychosis due to Fahr’s syndrome and response to behavioral disturbances with risperidone and oxcarbazepine. Indian J Psychiatry. 2014;56(2):188–190.
5. Manyam BV, Walters AS, Narla KR. Bilateral striopallido dentate calcinosis: clinical characteristics of patients seen in a registry. Mov Disord. 2001;16(2):258–264.
6. Ramen C. Basak. A case report of basal ganglia calcification: a rare finding of hypoparathyroidism. Oman Med J. 2009;24(3):220–222.

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Category: Dementia, Neurodegenerative Disease, Neurology, Past Articles

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